Monday, 2 August 2010

All About The Ownership And Transfer Of Domains

Domain names are hostnames that provide more easily memorable names to stand in for numeric IP addresses. Translating numeric addresses to alphabetical ones, domain names  allow Internet users to localize and visit Web sites.


Domains cost less but the value of the domain name can never be underestimated or ignored as the domain is the identity of your web presence on the net. Hence, it is very important to understand the ownership and right associated with the domain name of your company.


 When we talk about "owning" a domain name, we are really talking about the exclusive right to use that name. It is not possible to own a domain name outright, and you have to pay a periodic renewal fee to keep this "right to use" your domain name. If you stop renewing the domain it becomes available to be registered by anyone else.


The most important points related to a Domain Name are as follows;



  •     Domain whois

  •     Check availability

  •     Domain Registrars

  •     Domain Resellers

  •     Domain Ownership

  •     Domain Transfer


Domain whois


 


The Domain who is search tells you about who are the various people who can be contacted for the concerned aspect of the domain  i.e the technical contact , the administrative contact,the registrant and the server details of the web server on which the website is hosted.


There are many websites which give you the who is data about a concerned domain e.g http://whois.domaintools.com/


Check availability


 


If  one wants to register a domain one needs to check whether the particular domain is available for registration. All the site which offer domain registration offer this related search for e.g http://www.networksolutions.com/domain-name-registration/index.jsp


 


ICANN Domain Registrars  & Domain Resellers


The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is responsible for managing and coordinating the Domain Name System (DNS) to ensure that every address is unique and that all users of the Internet can find all valid addresses. It does this by overseeing the distribution of unique IP addresses and domain names. It also ensures that each domain name maps to the correct IP address.


ICANN is also responsible for accrediting the domain name registrars. "Accredit" means to identify and set minimum standards for the performance of registration functions, to recognize persons or entities meeting those standards, and to enter into an accreditation agreement that sets forth the rules and procedures applicable to the provision of Registrar Services.


Any company which is accredited or identified by ICANN to manage the reservation of the domain name is called as the registrar. The registrars  appoint reseller companies under them to manage this service further. No one can buy a domain directly from ICANN one has to approach a registrar or a reseller of the registrar to register a domain.


The list of registrar companies can be found on


 http://www.internic.net/regist.html


For information on the ICANN registrar accreditation process, please refer


ICANN Accredited Registrar Information Page


 


Domain Ownership & Domain Transfer


 


As mentioned earlier When we talk about "owning" a domain name, we are really talking about the exclusive right to use that name. It is not possible to own a domain name outright, and you have to pay a periodic renewal fee to keep this "right to use" your domain name. But the email id of the person specified in the Admin Contact of the domain on the who is data is said to be the person having authority to take decisions related to that domain. Hence , you can say the person to whom the admin contact email id belongs to is the owner of the domain.


When we talk about a domain transfer we basically refer to the transfer of the domain from one registrar to another. There is a procedure which has to be followed in order to transfer from one registrar company to another. When you send a request for a transfer through the many sites available, usually it will be the from the registrar’s site or the reseller’s site to which you want to transfer the domain. In order to send the request you need the domain authorization code or also known as the transfer secret code to complete the transfer request form.


Once the transfer form is sent the confirmation email goes to the admin contact email id from where the confirmation has to be acknowledged. Once that is done then if there is no objection raised by anyone regarding the transfer for 5 working days then the domain gets transferred.


Hence, it is very important that when you register the domain you have your email id in the admin contact field and the registrar or the reseller company gives you a control panel from where you can manage the domain i.e make any changes in the contact details, name servers and which also     shows the transfer authorization code.


The domain cost may be very negligible but the value of the domain is not. As time passes it is your domain which sets the footprints of your web presence on the net and gathers increasing value with the passing of time as your company is known by its domain name on the WWW.










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